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Human Rights

Human rights are fundamental principles of personal dignity and universal equality. Paladin is committed to respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms as outlined in the International Bill of Rights, and believes that respecting such rights fosters social progress, better standards of living and greater freedom for individuals.


Paladin recognises that a conscious focus on respect for human rights is required at both its sites in Malawi and Namibia whose operating context, according to the Maplecroft Human Right Risk Index, is considered to have high and medium exposure to human rights riss [54] respectively. Paladin’s approach to respecting human rights is governed by the Company’s Human Rights Policy [55] which is reviewed by the Board on a regular basis to ensure it remains current. The Policy provides the overarching framework to assist in achieving Paladin’s commitment to human rights principles. The Policy acknowledges the rights articulated in the following instruments:


  • UN International Bill of Human Rights
  • UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights
  • UN Global Compact
  • International Labour Organisation (ILO) Declaration on Fundamental Principles and
  • Rights at Work
  • The Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights
  • OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
  • Equator Principles

Overall accountability for the successful implementation of the Human Rights Policy resides with the Managing Director/CEO to enhance awareness of the Company’s performance at Board level.

Human Rights Risk Assessment

The NomoGaia human rights organisation has been evaluating and monitoring the human rights impacts of the KM since 2009 at which time a full human rights impact assessment was undertaken. Subsequent monitoring of the human rights impacts of the KM was undertaken by NomoGaia in 2010, 2013 and most recently in June 2015, once the mine had been placed on care and maintenance.

The overall finding of the 2015 monitoring report is “despite facing an array of contextual challenges, the human rights impacts of the Kayelekera Mine are presently generally positive.”  The Right to Education and the Right to Water were rated as an outstanding positive improvement as a direct result of the KM. The report findings stated that the human rights impacts in relation to the Right to Health, Right to Work, Right to an Adequate Standard of Living, Right to Remuneration, Freedom of Association/Unionisation, Freedom of Expression/Freedom of Assembly, and Non-Discrimination were all rated as positive improvements directly due to the KM.

The Right to Food was given an unchanged impact rating from previous surveys of mixed or uncertainty, although no discussion on this Right provided in the report. There was specific mention in the report that the rating of a number of Rights had not significantly changed since 2013, which was considered remarkable by the report author since the mine is on care and maintenance.

The report states that “Paladin has a track record of responding to and managing human rights effectively. If the mine is reopened those processes should be advanced……. Proactive efforts will be necessary to prevent human rights impacts from backsliding.”   

An exception to the positive rating was noted in the report in relation to corporate opacity, related to the “Company not making its large and elaborate environmental data public”. Paladin recognises the requests for complete data sets of environmental data from various non-government organisations. The Company is considering the best forum and approach to provide stakeholders with environmental data and discussion on trends observed that will lead to useful and scientific analyses rather than misuse and misrepresentation of the data by third parties.

Human Rights Training

Training of personnel on Human Rights was a focus of Paladin during the reporting period. At LHM 94 employees received human rights training which calculated to around 16 hours of training. At KM 21 employees were trained in human rights for which calculated to around 26 hours (one hour per employee plus an additional 10 hours training for the presenters.

Security Personnel

Paladin recognises that security practices are closely linked with respecting human rights. Due to the nature of the operation and its remote location in the NNNP, LHM’s risks of human rights issues emerging in association with such security services, is significantly lower to that of KM. LHUPL had 22 security personnel (all contractors) at the end of the reporting period, 20 of whom had received human rights training.

PAL had a total of 79 employees responsible for maintaining security at KM at the end of the reporting period. In addition, there are four police officers stationed at KM. The local Malawian police force is also called to assist at site with additional security, if required. The large security presence is in response to the risk of criminal activity at KM while it is on care and maintenance. All of the Security personnel were trained in human rights as a component of the total 21 employees trained during the reporting period.   

[54] According to Maplecroft's 2014 Human Rights Risk Atlas.
[55] To view Paladin’s Human Rights Policy or any other policy or internally developed codes please go to:

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